Covering our entire surface of the body, protecting our body from external factors, adjusting body temperature, enabling discharge of waste materials from the body via perspiration and one of our sense organs, skin is the largest organ after skeletal system.
Skin consists of 3 layers as epidermis, dermis and hypodermis.
Epidermis: This is the top layer. Its thickness varies in different parts of the body. The area where epidermis is the thinnest is eye lids and the areas where epidermis is the thickest is palms and sole. There are no blood vessels in epidermis. There are hair follicles, sweat glands channels, melanocytes on epidermis layer.
Dermis: Dermis is the live layer under epidermis. There are lymph, blood vessels and nerve endings on this layer. The area where dermis is the thickest is the skin on the back. Dermis provides flexibility and resistance of the skin.
Hypodermis: Hypodermis is the supporting layers consisting of connective tissue under the dermis.
The most common dermatological diseases can be listed as follows:
• Mole and skin blemishes
• Acne, pimples, wart
• Skin rash
• Skin fungi
• Roza (Rosacea)-Pityriasis rosea
• Cold Sores
• Nettle rash
• Behçet's disease
• Herpes zoster
• Vitiligo disease
• Mouth sores
• Microbial skin diseases
• Professional skin diseases
• Allergic skin eruption
• Hair diseases and hair loss
• Dermoid Cyst, excessive hair growth, fair follicles inflammation
• Nail diseases
• Skin Cancer