Among all types of cancer, this is the most common cancer. Skin cancer development risk is higher in the persons with fair skin with the effect of sun light and working in industrial branches. Burns, repeated X-rays, being exposed to tar with arsenic and having skin cancer history in his/her family are the other risks. Chance of being treated surgically in early period is very high.
Malignant melanoma is the fastest growing type of cancer incidence in the world. Early diagnosis is a life saver in this cancer type concluded that is caused by ultraviolet rays. What is recommended for early diagnosis is annual dermatological examination as well as personal skin examination on quarterly period. The persons with high risk of skin cancer development should be more careful:
The persons with high risk should examine his/her skins and in case of doubt, they should consult to their doctor and this situation is very important for early diagnosis.
Getting to know and practicing the methods of being protected from harmful impacts of ultraviolet rays to reduce the risk of skin cancer development will provide a protective effect. First of all, wide-brimmed hat, ultraviolet-protective glasses, and tightly woven clothes should be used. Sun should be avoided in the hours (10:00 a.m.- 04:00 p.m.) where sun rays reach the earth vertically. If it is imperative to go out in sunny weather, the products with protective feature against ultraviolet A and B rays for the areas exposed to sun should be applied 20 minutes before going out and this should be repeated in 2 hours. It is recommended that the children under six months should not be left under the sun.
Identifying Pigmented Lesions
Nevus control with digital dermatoscopy is a method for early diagnosis of skin cancer. While at an early stage it is possible to distinguish melanoma from benign moles with bare eyes (diagnosis sensitivity) is 60-75 %, this is over 90 % with digital dermatoscopy method. Identification and examination of changes of moles in particular ranges are easily conducted on computerized screen. The patient can see these changes together with his/her doctor on the screen at the same time by comparing older findings. This is a very helpful diagnosis method in dermatological examination of the persons under the risk group of skin cancer and having numerous dysplastic (atypical looking) moles not removed and the children having congenital moles not removed surgically.