Fatty liver is one of the most important issues of digestive system of our time. Likely to be seen from childhood to adulthood, this problem is expected to continue by increasing its importance in the following years.
What is fatty liver?
This is caused by accumulation of fat droplets inside liver cells. Over time, this fat droplet causes destruction of liver cell. This case is called "steatohepatitis", namely, lipoidosis induced hepatitis. Continuation of steatohepatitis may result in cirrhosis.
What causes accumulation of fat in liver?
Primary reason of this that energy amount taken into the body is more than energy amount consumed. These excess calories are stored in the liver like in several areas of the body. In other words, extreme nutrition, inactivity, consumption of especially starch and sugar food is the major factors in formation of this case. Undoubtedly, genetic background of the person also plays a decisive role in this process. Fundamental mechanism here is metabolic disorder called "insulin resistance".
What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
This may not yield many symptoms like in other liver diseases. Fatigue, overall tiredness, pain in the form of fullness in upper right abdominal area are the most common symptoms.
How fatty liver is diagnosed?
Primary diagnostic tool is ultrasonography. Through this method, it is detected that liver has grown and has fat accumulation inside it. This lipoidosis is ranked. In addition, rise is investigated in liver function tests examined. Blood fat and insulin resistance determination is performed.
How fatty liver is treated?
Primary measure in the treatment is to change life style. First of all, consumption of sugar, sweet and starch food should be cut down on and brisk walking in minimum 30 minutes or light walking style exercise program should be started. In addition, effective drugs on vitamin E and on insulin resistance can be administered.
What does fatty liver lead to?
If fatty liver has passed to "steatohepatitis" from simple steatosis, this poses a risk for the future because this process may result in cirrhosis over many years. Even if steatosis is corrected after the development cirrhosis, the disease can be permanent and may result in liver cancer. During cirrhosis, for this reason, liver transplantation can be considered.