Alzheimer Disease | Neurology - Clinics - Kent Health Group | +90 850 222 53 68

Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimer’s (dementia) is a progressive and chronic brain disease preventing daily life of the person, damaging memory, abstract thinking and making a decision. Alzheimer being an irreversible and progressive disease has no definite treatment. It is generally observed in advanced age but also in the age of 18-20. 

Alzheimer’s disease affects parts of brain of thinking, memory and language. Onset of the disease is insidious and destruction is generally slow. Alzheimer’s disease affects every people differently. Its effect is related to the previous condition of the patient, personality, physical condition and lifestyle. 

Alzheimer’s disease has 3 stages as early, mid and late stage. No patient experiences the progression of disease similarly as other patient. Some of these symptoms may appear at any stage for instance, behaviour changes in late stage can be experienced at mid stage. 

The first symptom of Alzheimer’s disease is forgetfulness. Forgetfulness experienced during the day may arise from the busy daily life mostly. However, if speaking and understanding deteriorates with forgetfulness, it is thought that there is a problem of perceiving and evaluating, forgetfulness occurred as a result of a head trauma, forgetfulness has started with diseases such as encephalitis, paralysis of the brain, becomes frequent with alcohol and drug and the patient has cognitive disorders and forgetfulness starting with the cardiac operation, it should be regarded and the patient should be examined by a neurologist. 

Alzheimer patients experience difficulty in remembering recent information or learning new information. Moreover, they have other mental problems such as speech disorder, difficulty of making a decision, not knowing the person, losing the way. Behaviour and personality disorder accompanies the table in Alzheimer patients. Especially as the disease progresses, many patients may have the mental problems such as depression, aggressiveness, uneasiness, imaging, sleep disorders or wandering without no purpose. At advanced stages of the disease, clear behaviour disorders, hallucination, increase of difficulty of finding words, not being able to perform daily life himself (dressing, brushing hair, nutrition,etc.) not knowing family members, difficulty in finding the way to home, leaking urine and even bed dependency may occur.

Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is established by examination of physical and mental condition of the person and also examination of the history of the person with the help of a close relative or a friend. It is very significant not to include other diseases or conditions to result in memory loss. Final diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can be finalized by brain autopsy.

Unfortunately, Alzheimer’s disease can’t be treated definitely. However, there are some new treatment opportunities with medicines to slow down the progression rate of the
disease. Medication therapy doesn’t stop Alzheimer’s disease completely but eases memory loss and various mental disorder symptoms. Continuation of daily life activities of the patient lasts longer. There are also medicines for treating behaviour disorders such as depression, uneasiness, sleeplessness or imaging.