Parkinson is a neurodegenerative (progressing with the loss of brain cells) brain disease progressing slowly. It was defined by Dr. James Parkinson in 1817 for the first time as the “Unsteady palsy”. The disease progresses in 10 years. It is not a terminal illness and doesn’t result in palsy. While unilateral signs are observed at the beginning, then it spreads the whole body. Severity of sign is different in every patient. Disease is seen in generally above the age of 40 and frequency of occurrence is higher in men.
There are cells in the brain controlling the movement. Chemical agents are secreted by these cells. One of them is dopamine. Dopamine transmits information from brain from a neuron to another neuron. Accordingly, body balance is achieved. However when some of these cells are damaged or reduce, dopamine will not be secreted.
Parkinson is an illness arising from deterioration of body balance like slow acting and trembling as a result of reduced dopamine.
The early symptom of Parkinson’s disease is the trembling of fingers, hands, chin and lips and legs while sitting. In addition to this, handwriting becomes smaller and irregular and hands or fingers harden, incontinence, loss of sense of smell, kicking, hitting, fluttering while sleeping and sudden movements, difficulty in walking, speaking at low level, depressive face and blank stare, vertigo and syncope, difficulty in standing upright and local buckling are the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
Parkinson patients can live for 20 years or longer after the diagnosis is established. Since definite therapy is not available now, treatments to control the symptoms are administered.