Ekbom syndrome is the most frequent movement disorder while sleeping. Symptoms vary by the patients. Most patients have difficulty in describing disturbing feeling of legs. It is often described as “numbness” or “pins and needles”. It is different from cramp. It is generally felt in calf. Sitting and laying without moving increases this feeling. Moving and stretching legs reduces complaints temporarily and for short time. Some patients may feel the same thing in arms as well as legs.
Sleep quality of most patients is deteriorated. Sleepiness state during the day, anxiety and depression are the problems caused by this syndrome. Sleep-periodical leg movement disorder is observed in most patients. While patients are sleeping, toes bend backwards. Joint movement in the form of ankle, knee and hip tension may accompany. The difference of periodical leg movement disorder while asleep from ekbom syndrome is that it is experienced while sleeping. Symptoms of Ekbom syndrome are seen daytime and legs are moved voluntarily.
The reason of syndrome is not found out certainly. It may be genetic transition. The frequency rate of ekbom syndrome is high in some diseases. These diseases are as follows;
• Anemia due to iron deficiency
• Blood circulation disorder in legs
• Hernia or leg nerve disorder
• Kidney diseases
• Some vitamin and mineral deficiencies
• Some depression drugs, allergy drugs and pain killers
• Caffeine, alcohol and smoking