Rheumatism is the term used to describe diseases leading to pain and movement restriction in muscles, bones, joints enabling the body to move and connective tissues and swelling and deformity. Rheumatism is not a single disease. Arthralgia (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis), soft tissue rheumatism (fibromyalgia, neck pain, lumbar pain) and osteoporosis are the most frequent rheumatic diseases.
The rheumatologist is the specialist physician having training to diagnose and treat many diseases called as “rheumatic diseases.” Diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriasis rheumatism, Behçet’s syndrome, familial Mediterranean fever, systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) gout, scleroderma, childhood rheumatic disorders and Sjögren’s syndrome are carried out by the rheumatologists.
Rheumatic diseases are diagnosed and treated at Kent Hospital department of rheumatology.
Rheumatism And Rheumatic Diseases
Most of rheumatic diseases are chronic. For this reason, they need to be followed periodically. Course of disease and efficiency of the treatment administered and side effects related to the treatment are examined during follow-up.
It is possible to delay the progress of rheumatic diseases diagnosed earlier and treated correctly and even prevent. It is significant to establish correct diagnosis and initiate the correct treatment at the beginning of rheumatic diseases. Appropriate treatment is very significant for the future life of the patient. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can minimize the restrictions of working, development of disability, medical and economic costs related to the treatment.
Rheumatic diseases are seen in women more frequently. It is generally not contagious. In some types, genetic predisposition is significant. Some inflammatory rheumatic diseases may affect musculoskeletal system and also skin and internal organs. Personal treatment should be administered by the conditions of every rheumatic disease patient.
General symptoms of rheumatic diseases
• Pain, swelling of joint, limitation of movement
• Stiffness in joints especially in the morning, lumbar pain and inhibition
• Stiffness in hands or some parts of skin
• Mouth sore
• Sore in genital region
• Subcutaneous glands
• Frequent inflammation in eyes
• Over sensitiveness of skin under sun and sore
• Muscular pain
• Abdominal pain
• Mouth and eye dryness
• Whitening, bruising of fingers in cold air
• Weakness and difficulty in moving
• Unexplained fever, loss of weight and skin eruption
Diseases diagnosed at treated at rheumatology department
• Rheumatoid Arthritis
• Spondyloarthropathies and Ankylosing Spondylitis
• Psoriatic arthropathy
• Behçet’s disease
• Connective Tissue Diseases (Systemic lupus erythamatosus, scleroderma, mixed connective tissue disease, Sjögren's syndrome and dermatomyositis, polymyositis)
• Antiphospholipid antibodies syndrome
• Vasculitis (vein inflammation – polyarteritis nodosa, takayasu arteritis, giant cell arteritis)
• Familial Mediterrenian fever (FMF)
• Acute arthralgia
• Reactive arthritis
• Crystal arthritis (Gout, pseudo gout)
• Infectious arthritis
• Metabolic and degenerative diseases (Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, osteomalacia and Paget disease)
• Rheumatic symptoms of other systemic diseases